New Education Policy 2020: On 29th July 2020 Wednesday, the Union Cabinet cleared a new National Education Policy (NEP) proposing sweeping changes in school and higher education. A look at the takeaways, and their implications for students and institutions of learning:
What purpose does an NEP serve?
An NEP is a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country. The need for a policy was first felt in 1964 when Congress MP Siddheshwar Prasad criticised the then government for lacking a vision and philosophy for education. The same year, a 17-member Education Commission, headed by then UGC Chairperson D S Kothari, was constituted to draft a national and coordinated policy on education. Based on the suggestions of this Commission, Parliament passed the first education policy in 1968.
A new NEP usually comes along every few decades. India has had three to date. The first came in 1968 and the second in 1986, under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi respectively; the NEP of 1986 was revised in 1992 when P V Narasimha Rao was Prime Minister. The third is the NEP released Wednesday under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi.
Main features of the New Education Policy 2020
- 10+2 board structure is dropped
- New school structure will be 5+3+3+4
- Upto 5 Pre-school, 6 to 8 Mid School, 8 to 11 High School and 12 onwards Graduation
- Any Degree will be 4 years
- 6th std onwards vocational courses available
- From 8th to 11 students can choose subjects
- All graduation course will have major and minor Example – science student can have Physics as Major and Music as minor also. Any combination he can choose.
- All higher education will be governed by only one authority.
- UGC AICTE will be merged.
- All University government, private, Open, Deemed, Vocational etc will have same grading and other rules.
- New Teacher Training board will be setup for all kinds of teachers in country, no state can change
- Same level of Accreditation to any collage , based on its rating collage will get autonomous rights and funds.
- New Basic learning program will be created by government for parents to teach children upto 3 years in home and for pre school 3 to 6
- Multiple entry and exit from any course
- Credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which he can utilize if he takes break in course and come back again to complete course
- All schools exams will be semester wise twise a year
- The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only
- More focus on student practical and application knowledge
- For any graduation course if student complete only one year he will get a basic certificate, if he complete two years then he will get Diploma certificate and if he complete full course then he will get degree certificate. So no year of any student will be wasted if he break the course in between.
- All the graduation course feed of all Universities will be governed by single authority with capping on each course. Now we can hope our education system will be at par with modern countries and future of our children will be bright.
Read more on.. PM Narendra Modi Speech on New Education Policy 2020
|Pre School||3 to 5||Preparatory Class/ Anganwadis/ Balvatika||Access to free, safe, high quality ECCE|
|Foundational Stage||6 to 8||Grade 1-2|
|Preparatory Stage||8 to 11||Grades 3-5||Play, discovery, and activity based and interactive classroom learning.|
|Middle Stage||11-14||Grade 6-8||experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.|
|Secondary Stage||14-18||Grade 9-12||multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects.|
Key points of New Education Policy 2020
Foundational Learning Curriculum for age group of 3-8 divided in two parts:
- From age 3-6 in ECCE
- Age 6 to 8, Grade 1-2: Foundational Stage
Medium of instruction upto grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be home language/ mother tongue/ local language.
Beginning with Mathematics, all subjects to be offered at 2 levels. School students will have 10 bag-less days during which they are taught a vocation of their choice (informal internship)
Higher Education and College Entrance Exams
National Testing Agency will conduct a common college entrance exam twice a year. This will be implemented from the 2022 session.
Bachelor’s degree will be of 4 years with exit options as follows.
- Exit after 1 year: Certificate
- Exit after 2 years: Diploma
- Mid term drop outs will be given the option to complete the degree after a break.
- Bachelor’s programmes will be multidisciplinary in nature and there will be no rigid separation between arts and sciences.
- Indian arts, languages and culture will be promoted at all levels.
- M.Phil degree will be discontinued.
- By 2040, all higher education institutions like IITs will become multidisciplinary. There will be greater inclusion of arts and humanities subjects for science students and vice-versa.
Selected universities from among the top 100 universities in the world will be facilitated to operate in India. The system of affiliated colleges will be phased out in 15 years and colleges will be given greater autonomy and power to grant degrees. The deemed university status will end.
Read full detail on official website National Education Policy 2020
What People Say
We should remain students for lifetime. You should be ready and yearn to learn from every moment of life. The basic elements of life need to be associated with learning. The learning process should be a part of your DNA.Narendra Modi
The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character – that is the goal of true education.Martin Luther King
Keep away from people who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great make you feel that you, too, can become great.Mark Twain